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Žiedadulkės

Laukinės bitės

foto Gintautas Steiblys 2010.06.23

Daugelis galvoja, kad bitės gyvena tik aviliuose ar drevėse. Tačiau taip gyvuoja vienintelė mūsų bičių rūšis — medunešė (naminė) bitė. Daugybė bičių rūšių nei išvaizda, nei gyvenimo būdu į naminę nepanašios. Šeimose (tik mažesnėse ir laikinose) gyvena dar kamanes, visos kitos laukinės mūsų bites yra pavieniai vabzdžiai — kiekviena patelė ruošia sau atskirą lizdą. Dažniausiai savo būstą bitės įsirengia dirvožemyje, rečiau — medienoje ar sausuose stiebuose.

Dzūkijos nacionalinio parko teritorijoje aptikta 217 laukinių bičių rūšių. Tai daugiau nei du trečdaliai visų šiandien Lietuvoje žinomų rūsių. Kodėl čia jų tiek daug? Parko teritorija šiuo požiūriu yra geriausiai ištirta. Be to čia daug unikalių vietų, didelė buveinių įvairovė. Botanikai Dainavos smėlėtąją lygumą, kur ir yra mūsų parkas, priskyrė Centrinės Europos termofilinių pušynų provincijai. Ši provincija užima tik labai nedidelę Lietuvos dalį ir sutampa su pušynų dominavimo sritimi tarp Druskininkų ir Vilniaus. Teritorijos unikalumą nesunkiai pastebi kiekvienas, atvykęs iš kitų Lietuvos vietų — Dzūkijos šilai yra kitokie negu Labanoro ar Tytuvėnų.

Seniai pastebėta, kad vabzdžiai šiauriniuose savo paplitimo sričių (arealų) rajonuose gyvena sausose, smėlėtose arba karbonatingose vietose. Todėl nenuostabu, kad Dzūkijos smėlynuose aptikta net keliolika pietietiškų laukinių bičių rušių, kurtos iki šiol čia nebuvo rastos. Daugelio jų buveinės parko teritorijoje yra vienintelės Lietuvoje. Atkeliavo į Lietuvą šios rūšys prieš daugelį tūkstantmečių, kai vyravo šilti orai. Klimatui atvėsus, šių rūšių paplitimo šiaurinė riba atsitraukė į pietus. Ir tik kai kur išliko nedidelės populiacijos. Savaime suprantama, kad arealo pakrašty esančios rūšys yra labai jautrios.

Visos aptiktos pietinės rūšys gyvena ne mlške, o atviruose plotuose, ir tai rodo, kad  Dainavos smėlėtoje lygumoje visada buvo didesnės ar mažesnės bemiškės erdves. Ir tik pastaraisiais metais dėl besaikio miško sodinimo daugelis šių rūšių atsidūrė prie išnykimo ribos. Antai Aukštagiryje (prie Skroblaus) aptiktos raukšlėtosios smėliabitės gyvenamoji vieta yra vos dviejų arų ploto. Šios mažos bitelės dabartine teritorija yra Vidurio Europos stepėse. Artimiausia pagrindinio arealo buveinė yra nutolusi nuo Lietuvos per 700 kilometrų. O Aukštagiryje raukšlėtoji smėliabitė dar gyvena. Tikimybė, kad ji dar kur nors kitur Lietuvoje yra (išskyrus Kapinišklų kaimą) praktiškai lygi nuliui. Ši rūšis įrašyta į Lietuvos raudonąją knygą, Jai suteiktas I kategorijos statusas. Tačiau prireikė net dviejų komisijų, kad jos išsaugojimui būtų leista iškirsti kelis arus nuskurdusio pušies jaunuolyno. Suprantamas miškininkų nenoras kirsti jauną medį. Juk į medelio sodinimą žiūrima katp į šventą darbą, ir visai nesusimąstomą, ar visur galima, ar visur reikia sodinti. Atvirose vietose visuomet gausiau auga entomofltinlų augalų, o juos lanko ne tik bites. Žiedų nektaru minta ir parazitinių plėvlasparnių suaugėliai. Apie pastarųjų naudą miškui turėtų žinoti kiekvienas miškininkas, nes tai yra pagrindiniai miško kenkėjų naikintojai. Taigi, mišką sodinti reikia ten, kur jo maža, pavyzdžiui, Marijampolės, Vilkaviškio ar Joniškio rajonuose. Ten jauni miškai labai reikalingi. O apželdiname atvirus Dzūkijos plotus, skurdiname kraštovaizdį ir faunos bei floros įvairovę. Labai apmaudu, kad tokių elementarių tiesų nenori suprasti ir kai kurie Aplinkos apsaugos departamento ekologai.

Kita gausi Dzūkijos nacionalinio parko laukinių bičių geografinė grupė — šiaurinės rūšys. Tai irgi reliktąi, atkeliavę į Lietuvą dar anksčiau, ledynmečio laikais, kai vyravo šalti orai. Šiuo metu šių rūšių paplitimo sritys — taigos ir tundros zona, taip pat analogiškos zonos kalnuose. Mūsų klimato sąlygomis šių rūšių daugiausiai yra užpelkėjusiuose spygliuočių miškuose. Šiaurinės rūšys Dzūkijos nacionaliniame parke jaučiasi gerai. Pavyzdžiui. Šrenko kamane pagal gausumą yra šeštoje vietoje tarp 217 čia rastų bičių rūšių, O pagrindinėse savo paplitimo srityse — šiaurrytinėje Europoje ir Sibire — ši rūšis įrašyta į buvusios TSRS raudonąją knygą. Koks nepakartojamas yra Dzūkijos nacionalinis parkas, tokia nepakartojama yra ir ta smulkioji fauna, kurią ne visi net ir pastebime. Norint išsaugoti parko unikalumą, būtina saugoti kiekvieną rūšį.

Virgilijus MONSEVIČIUS

Reportažas iš laukinės bitutės gyvenimo …

Lietuvos laukinių bičių (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) sąrašas

Lithuanian fauna. Hymenoptera: Apoidea

Sudarė / Compiled by Dr.Virgilijus Monsevičius

Individų skaičius svarbiausiose Lietuvos kolekcijose arba literatūrinio šaltinio nuoroda antrame stulpelyje /

No. of specimens in the most important LT collections or the reference source in the second column

Rūšis/Species

Andrena alfkenella Perkins                                                                           65

Andrena apicata Smith                                                                                   312

Andrena argentata Smith                                                                                106

Andrena assimilis gallica Schmiedeknecht                                                  12

Andrena barbilabris (Kirby)                                                                          268

Andrena bicolor Fabricius                                                                             120

Andrena bimaculata (Kirby)                                                                          48

? Andrena bremensis Alfken (Moeschler 1938)

Andrena carbonaria Fabricius                                                                        123

Andrena chrysopyga Schenck                                                                        103

Andrena chrysosceles (Kirby)                                                                      21

Andrena cineraria (Linnaeus)                                                                        3988

Andrena clarkella (Kirby)                                                                              57

Andrena coitana (Kirby)                                                                                9

Andrena combinata (Christ)                                                                          2

Andrena congruens Schmiedeknecht                                                            33

Andrena curvungula Thomson                                                                       22

Andrena denticulata (Kirby)                                                                          88

Andrena dorsata (Kirby)                                                                                356

Andrena falsifica Perkins                                                                              263

Andrena flavipes Panzer                                                                                408

Andrena floricola Eversmann                                                                        37

Andrena florivaga Eversmann                                                                        1

Andrena fucata Smith                                                                                     12

Andrena fulvago (Christ)                                                                               159

Andrena fulvida Schenck                                                                               168

Andrena fuscipes (Kirby)                                                                              277

Andrena gelriae Vecht                                                                                   139

Andrena haemorrhoa (Fabricius)                                                                  1004

Andrena hattorfiana (Fabricius)                                                                    102

Andrena helvola (Linnaeus)                                                                           39

Andrena humilis Imhoff                                                                                 168

Andrena intermedia Thomson                                                                       4

Andrena jacobi Perkins                                                                                  88

Andrena labialis (Kirby)                                                                                24

Andrena labiata Fabricius                                                                              79

Andrena lapponica Zetterstedt                                                                      692

Andrena lathyri Alfken                                                                                   (Adolph 1934)

Andrena lepida Schenck                                                                                 (Adolph 1937)

Andrena limata Smith                                                                                     10

Andrena marginata Fabricius                                                                         7

Andrena minutula (Kirby)                                                                              44

Andrena minutuloides Perkins                                                                      163

Andrena morawitzi Thomson                                                                        9

Andrena nanula Nylander                                                                               1

Andrena nasuta Giraud                                                                                   37

Andrena nigriceps (Kirby)                                                                             10

Andrena nigroaenea (Kirby)                                                                          71

Andrena nitida (Muller)                                                                                 247

Andrena nitidiuscula Schenck                                                                       (Adolph 1934)

Andrena niveata Friese                                                                                   20

Andrena nycthemera Imhoff                                                                          25

Andrena ovatula (Kirby)                                                                                126

Andrena paucisquama Noskiewicz                                                                1

Andrena pilipes (Fabricius)                                                                           20

Andrena potentillae Panzer                                                                           (Adolph 1937)

Andrena praecox (Scopoli)                                                                           805

Andrena propingua Schenck                                                                          148

Andrena proxima (Kirby)                                                                              63

Andrena rosae Panzer                                                                                    13

Andrena ruficrus Nylander                                                                            148

Andrena rugulosa Stoeckhert                                                                        34

Andrena schencki Morawitz                                                                          1

Andrena semilaevis Perez                                                                             5

Andrena simillima Smith                                                                               9

Andrena subopaca Nylander                                                                          371

Andrena suerinensis Friese                                                                           47

Andrena tarsata Nylander                                                                               5

Andrena thoracica (Fabricius)                                                                       11

Andrena tibialis (Kirby)                                                                                 94

Andrena vaga Panzer                                                                                      556

Andrena varians (Rossi)                                                                                 115

Andrena ventralis Imhoff                                                                               935

Andrena wilkella (Kirby)                                                                               90

Anthidiellum strigatum (Panzer)                                                                  30

Anthidium manicatum (Linnaeus)                                                                 13

Anthidium punctatum Latreille                                                                     65

Anthophora bimaculata (Panzer)                                                                   122

Anthophora furcata (Panzer)                                                                         213

Anthophora plagiata schenkii Dalla Torre  ( = parietina Fabricius)           5

Anthophora plumipes squalens Dours  ( = acervorum auct.)                     68

Anthophora quadrimaculata (Panzer)                                                           2

Anthophora retusa (Linnaeus)                                                                       2

Bombus confusus (Schenck)                                                                         52

Bombus cryptarum (Fabricius)                                                                     4183

Bombus distinguendus Morawitz                                                                  179

Bombus hypnorum (Linnaeus)                                                                      238

Bombus hortorum (Linnaeus)                                                                       484

Bombus hortorum var. nigricans Schmiedeknecht                                      1

Bombus humilis Illiger                                                                                  56

Bombus humilis var. fuscus Friese et Wagn.                                              6

Bombus humilis var. helferanus Seidl                                                         65

Bombus humilis var. notomelas Kriechb.                                                   109

Bombus humilis var. thuringiacus Friese et Wagn.                                    147

Bombus humilis var. tristis Seidl                                                                 4

Bombus jonellus (Kirby)                                                                               616

Bombus lapidarius (Linnaeus)                                                                      892

Bombus lucorum (Linnaeus)                                                                         2972

Bombus maculidorsis Skorikov                                                                    (Strand 1918)

Bombus magnus Vogt                                                                                    325

Bombus muscorum (Linnaeus)                                                                     209

Bombus pascuorum (Scopoli)                                                                      2908

Bombus pomorum (Panzer)                                                                          27

Bombus pratorum (Linnaeus)                                                                       879

Bombus pratorum var. donovanellus K.                                                      6

Bombus ruderarius (Mueller)                                                                       485

Bombus ruderarius var. rossicus Skorikov                                                 7

Bombus ruderatus eurynotus Vogt                                                               (Bischoff 1925)

Bombus schrencki (Morawitz)                                                                     2268

Bombus semenoviellus (Skorikov)                                                              231

Bombus sylvarum (Linnaeus)                                                                        357

Bombus soroeensis (Fabricius)                                                                    139

Bombus soroeensis var. cinctiventris Friese et Wagn.                              3

Bombus soroeensis var. laetus Schmiedeknecht                                        264

Bombus subterraneus latreillellus (Kirby)                                                  244

Bombus terrestris

Bombus terrestris (Linnaeus)                                                                       553

Bombus veteranus (Fabricius)                                                                      202

Ceratina cyanea (Kirby)                                                                                 44

Chelostoma campanularum (Kirby)  ( = florisomne auct.)                        58

Chelostoma distinctum (Stoeckhert)                                                           1

Chelostoma florisomne (Linnaeus)  ( = maxillosum Linnaeus)                99

Chelostoma rapunculi (Lepeletier)

( = fuliginosum Panzer, nigricorne Nylander)                             61

Coelioxys afra Lepeletier                                                                             10

Coelioxys alata Foerster                                                                               11

Coelioxys aurolimbata Foerster                                                                   (Adolph 1934)

Coelioxys conoidea (Illiger)                                                                         44

Coelioxys elongata Lepeletier                                                                      3

Coelioxys inermis (Kirby)                                                                            15

Coelioxys mandibularis Nylander                                                                125

Coelioxys quadridentata (Linnaeus)                                                             86

Coelioxys rufescens Lepeletier                                                                   52

Colletes caspicus balticus Alfken                                                                65

Colletes cunicularius (Linnaeus)                                                                  100

Colletes daviesanus Smith                                                                             128

Colletes fodiens (Fourcroy)                                                                         399

Colletes marginatus Smith                                                                            135

Colletes nasutus Smith                                                                                  1

Colletes similis Schenck                                                                               92

Colletes succinctus (Linnaeus)                                                                    222

Dasypoda altercator (Harris)  ( = hirtipes Fabr., plumipes Panzer)          754

Dasypoda argentata (Panzer)                                                                         63

Dasypoda suripes (Christ)                                                                             1

Dioxoides tridentata (Nylander)                                                                   9

Dufourea inermis Nylander                                                                           33

Dufourea vulgaris Schenck                                                                            18

Epeoloides coecutiens (Fabricius)                                                               163

Epeolus alpinus Friese  ( = glacialis Alfken)                                              (Moeschler 1938)

Epeolus cruciger (Panzer)                                                                             19

Epeolus pilosus Bischoff                                                                              (Moeschler 1938)

Epeolus variegatus (Linnaeus)                                                                      76

Eucera longicornis (Linnaeus)                                                                      190

Halictus confusus perkinsi Bluthgen                                                            504

Halictus eurygnathus Bluthgen                                                                     27

Halictus leucaheneus arenosus Ebmer                                                         99

Halictus maculatus Smith                                                                              281

Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius)                                                               33

Halictus rubicundus (Christ)                                                                         433

Halictus semitectus Morawitz                                                                      (Adolph 1937)

Halictus sexcinctus (Fabricius)                                                                    237

Halictus simplex Bluthgen                                                                            1

Halictus subauratus (Rossi)                                                                          84

Halictus tumulorum (Linnaeus)                                                                    1040

Heriades truncorum (Linnaeus)                                                                    126

Hylaeus angustatus (Schenck)                                                                       34

Hylaeus annularis (Kirby)                                                                             49

? Hylaeus annulatus (Linnaeus)  ( = borealis Nylander) (Moeschler 1938)

Hylaeus bisinuatus Foerster                                                                          1

Hylaeus brevicornis Nylander                                                                       99

Hylaeus cardioscapus Cockerell  ( = annulata auct.)                                  108

Hylaeus communis Nylander                                                                        668

Hylaeus confusus Nylander                                                                           708

Hylaeus difformis (Eversmann)                                                                    31

Hylaeus gibbus Saunders                                                                               151

Hylaeus gracilicornis (Morawitz)                                                                22

Hylaeus gredleri Foerster                                                                             23

Hylaeus hyalinatus Smith                                                                              1

Hylaeus moricei luteifrons (Strand)                                                            1

Hylaeus nigritus (Fabricius)                                                                          88

Hylaeus pectoralis Foerster                                                                          98

Hylaeus pfankuchi (Alfken)                                                                          36

Hylaeus pictipes Nylander                                                                            1

Hylaeus rinki Gorski                                                                                      69

Hylaeus sinuatus (Schenck)                                                                          52

Hylaeus styriacus Foerster                                                                            5

Hoplitis adunca (Panzer)                                                                               66

Hoplitis anthocopoides (Schenck)                                                               23

Hoplitis claviventris (Thomson)  ( = leucomelana auct.)                           67

Hoplitis leucomelana (Kirby)  ( = parvula Dufour & Perris)                    2

Hoplitis tridentata (Dufour et Perris)                                                          1

Hoplitis tuberculata (Nylander)                                                                    2

Icteranthidium laterale (Latreille)                                                                1

Lasioglossum aciculatum (Bluthgen)                                                           42

Lasioglossum aeratum (Kirby)  ( = viridiaeneum Bluthgen)                     138

Lasioglossum albipes (Fabricius)                                                                 1638

Lasioglossum alinense (Cockerell)  ( = gorkiense Bluthgen)                   1

Lasioglossum brevicorne (Schenck)                                                            138

Lasioglossum calceatum (Scopoli)                                                              668

Lasioglossum calceatum rubens (Smith)                                                     93

Lasioglossum costulatum (Kriechbaumer)                                                 2

Lasioglossum fratellum (Perez)                                                                   422

Lasioglossum fulvicorne (Kirby)                                                                 632

Lasioglossum intermedium (Schenck)                                                        4

Lasioglossum laeve (Kirby)                                                                          24

Lasioglossum laevigatum (Kirby)                                                                5

Lasioglossum laticeps (Schenck)                                                                 103

Lasioglossum lativentre (Schenck)                                                              39

Lasioglossum leucopus (Kirby)                                                                   328

Lasioglossum leucozonium (Schrank)                                                         807

Lasioglossum lineare (Schenck)                                                                  2

Lasioglossum lucidulum (Schenck)                                                             70

Lasioglossum majus (Nylander)                                                                   2

Lasioglossum minutissimum (Kirby)                                                          25

Lasioglossum morio (Fabricius)                                                                  382

Lasioglossum nitidiusculum (Kirby)                                                           15

Lasioglossum pallens (Brulle)                                                                      1

Lasioglossum pauxillum (Schenck)                                                             392

Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith)                                                                   15

Lasioglossum punctatissimum (Schenck)                                                   599

Lasioglossum quadrinotatulum (Schenck)                                                   72

Lasioglossum quadrinotatum (Kirby)                                                          148

Lasioglossum rufitarse (Zetterstedt)                                                           140

Lasioglossum semilucens (Alfken)                                                              27

Lasioglossum sexmaculatum (Schenck)                                                      85

Lasioglossum sexnotatulum (Nylander)                                                      6

Lasioglossum sexnotatum (Kirby)  ( = nitidum Panzer)                            43

Lasioglossum sexstrigatum (Schenck)                                                        450

Lasioglossum tarsatum (Schenck)                                                                8

Lasioglossum villosulum (Kirby)                                                                 245

Lasioglossum xanthopus (Kirby)                                                                  4

Lasioglossum zonulum (Smith)                                                                    198

Macropis europaea Warncke                                                                        206

Macropis fulvipes (Fabricius)                                                                       194

Megachile alpicola Alfken                                                                            77

Megachile bombycina Radoszkowski                                                          (Strand 1918, Adolph 1934)

Megachile centuncularis (Linnaeus)                                                            19

Megachile circumcincta (Kirby)                                                                  268

Megachile ericetorum Lepeletier                                                                2

Megachile genalis Morawitz                                                                         3

Megachile lagopoda (Linnaeus)                                                                    1

Megachile lapponica Thomson                                                                     23

Megachile leachella Curtis  ( = argentata auct.)                                          251

Megachile ligniseca (Kirby)                                                                         162

Megachile maacki Radoszkowski                                                                 4

Megachile maritima (Kirby)                                                                         79

Megachile nigriventris Schenck                                                                   6

Megachile versicolor Smith                                                                          113

Megachile willughbiella (Kirby)                                                                  109

Melecta albifrons (Foester)  ( = armata Panzer)                                         7

Melecta luctuosa (Scopoli)                                                                           1

Melitta haemorrhoidalis (Fabricius)                                                            48

Melitta leporina (Panzer)                                                                              332

Melitta nigricans Alfken                                                                                4

Melitta tricincta Kirby                                                                                   17

Melitta wankowiczi (Radoszkowski)                                                            3

Melitturga clavicornis (Latreille)                                                                 1

Metallinella brevicornis (Fabricius)  ( = atrocoerulea Schilling)             (Adolph 1934)

Nomada armata Herrich-Schaeffer                                                               10

Nomada baccata Smith                                                                                   1

Nomada bifida Thomson                                                                                72

Nomada castellana Dusmet                                                                           3

Nomada conjungens Herrich-Schaeffer                                                       7

Nomada emarginata Morawitz                                                                      1

Nomada fabriciana (Linnaeus)                                                                      15

Nomada femoralis Morawitz                                                                        11

Nomada ferruginata (Linnaeus)  ( = xanthosticta Kirby)                            53

Nomada flava Panzer                                                                                      6

Nomada flavoguttata (Kirby)                                                                         70

Nomada flavopicta (Kirby)                                                                            111

Nomada fucata Panzer                                                                                   113

Nomada fulvicornis auct. sensu Stoeckhert in Schmiedeknecht 1930     2

Nomada fulvicornis Fabricius  ( = lineola Panzer)                                     106

Nomada fuscicornis Nylander                                                                      8

Nomada goodeniana (Kirby)                                                                         94

Nomada guttulata Schenck                                                                            6

Nomada integra Brulle  ( = ferruginata auct., cinctiventris Friese)           15

Nomada lathburiana (Kirby)                                                                          137

Nomada leucophthalma (Kirby)                                                                    113

Nomada marshamella (Kirby)                                                                       68

Nomada moeschleri Alfken                                                                          84

Nomada mutabilis Morawitz                                                                         17

Nomada obscura Zetterstedt                                                                         21

Nomada obtusifrons Nylander                                                                      1

Nomada ochrostoma Zetterstedt  ( = alboguttata Herrich-Schaffer)        111

Nomada opaca Alfken                                                                                    4

Nomada panzeri Lepeletier  ( = ruficornis auct., glabella Thomson)        231

Nomada pulchra Arnold                                                                                 (Adolph 1934)

Nomada rhenana Morawitz                                                                            8

Nomada roberjeotiana Panzer                                                                       38

Nomada rostrata Herrich-Schaeffer  ( = eustalachta Gerstacker)             6

Nomada rufipes Fabricius                                                                             89

Nomada signata Jurine                                                                                   1

Nomada striata Fabricius  ( = hillana Kirby)                                               7

Nomada trapeziformis Schmiedeknecht                                                      1

Nomada zonata Panzer                                                                                   4

Osmia aurulenta (Panzer)                                                                              35

Osmia bicolor (Schrank)                                                                               12

Osmia caerulescens (Linnaeus)                                                                    5

Osmia fulviventris (Panzer)                                                                          1

Osmia inermis (Zetterstedt)                                                                         13

Osmia leaiana (Kirby)                                                                                    112

Osmia nigriventris (Zetterstedt)                                                                   28

Osmia parietina Curtis                                                                                   22

Osmia pilicornis Smith                                                                                  9

Osmia rufa cornigera Linnaeus                                                                     245

Osmia uncinata Gerstacker                                                                           70

Panurgus calcaratus (Scopoli)                                                                      563

Psithyrus barbutellus (Kirby)                                                                        61

Psithyrus bohemicus (Seidl)                                                                         823

Psithyrus campestris (Panzer)                                                                      130

Psithyrus norvegicus Schneider                                                                    47

Psithyrus rupestris (Fabricius)                                                                     258

Psithyrus sylvestris Lepelletier                                                                    142

? Psithyrus vestalis Geoffroy in Fourcroy (Strand 1918

Rhophitoides canus (Eversmann)                                                                 34

Rophites quinquespinosus Spinola                                                               18

Systropha curvicornis (Scopoli)                                                                   2

Sphecodes albilabris (Fabricius)                                                                  32

Sphecodes crassus Thomson                                                                         37

Sphecodes cristatus Hagens                                                                          1

Sphecodes ephippius (Linnaeus)  ( = divisus Kirby)                                  192

Sphecodes ferruginatus Hagens                                                                    18

Sphecodes geoffrellus (Kirby)  ( = fasciatus Hagens)                               39

Sphecodes gibbus (Linnaeus)                                                                        84

Sphecodes hyalinatus Hagens                                                                       39

Sphecodes longulus Hagens                                                                          61

Sphecodes marginatus Hagens                                                                      55

Sphecodes miniatus Hagens                                                                          77

Sphecodes monilicornis (Kirby)                                                                  135

Sphecodes niger Hagens                                                                                2

Sphecodes pellucidus Smith                                                                         149

Sphecodes puncticeps Thomson                                                                   9

Sphecodes reticulatus Thomson                                                                   190

Sphecodes ruficrus rubicundus Hagens                                                       2

Sphecodes rufiventris (Panzer)                                                                     1

Sphecodes scabricollis Wesmael                                                                 1

Stelis breviuscula (Nylander)                                                                        2

Stelis minima Schenck                                                                                  (Moeschler 1938)

Stelis minuta Lepeletier & Serville                                                              1

Stelis ornatula (Klug)                                                                                    2

Stelis phaeoptera (Kirby)                                                                              1

Stelis punctulatissima (Kirby)                                                                      1

Tetralonia dentata (Klug)                                                                               27

Tetralonia macroglossa (Illiger)                                                                   10

Trachusa byssina (Panzer)                                                                             179

Xylocopa valga Gerstaecker                                                                         (Adolph 1934)

Literatūra / References

Adolph, W. 1934. Materjaly do znajomosci fauny pszcol Wilenszcyzny. Prace Towarszystwa przyjaciolnauk w Wilnie.

Wydzial nauk matem. i przyr. T. 8: 217-254.

Adolph, W. 1937. Zespoly wiosenne pszcol w Ponarach pod Wilnem. Prace Towarszystwa przyjaciolnauk w Wilnie.

Wydzial nauk matem. i przyr. T. 11: 181-203.

Bischoff, H. 1925. Hymenoptera (Aculeata, Ichneumonidae, Chalastogastra). In: Beitrage zur Natur- und

Kulturgeschichte Litauens und audgrenzender Gebiete. Abhandlungen der math.-naturw.

Akademie d. Wissenschaften. Munchen. Bd 6-9: 278-337.

Moeschler, A. 1938. Ein Beitrag zur Bienenfauna in Ostpreussen, insbesondere der Kurischen Nehrung.

Schriften der physikalisch-okonomischen Gesellschaft zu Konigsberg in Preussen. Bd 70: 243-288.

Strand, E. 1918. Hymenoptera. In: Ulmer G., Strand E. u. Horn W. Uber W.

Horns litauische entomologische Kriegsausbeute 1916. Entomologische Mitteilungen. Bd 7, L. 1-3: 30-32.

2 komentarai apie Laukinės bitės

  • Tautvydas

    Vienintele galimybe vel sia seima padaryt taikia- pakeist biciu motinele veisline.

  • Petras

    Padėkit rasti išeitį.
    Jau antri metai buvusios normalios ramios gerai nešančios medų pitės pavirto į bites “smogikes” neturiu kaip kitaip pavadint. Praplėčiau avilį po geros valandos išėjau į kiemą Nuo avilio 100 metrų. Užpuolė viena – numušiau atskrido kita – numušiau, trečia į antakį. Sėdžiu “gražusŽ viena akis jau nemato. Gyvenu kolektyviniame sode. Aplink gyvena kaimynai – pyksta. Kas joms pasidarė. Jau pernai tokios. Negi nuodyt reiks ? Pakeist motinėlę ? Kaip prie jų prieit ?
    Pagarbiai
    Petras

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